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About Batik

Batik is the art of waxing a surface, usually cloth, to make it resist dyeing, and then removing the wax, re-waxing, re-dyeing and creating intricate patterns and designs. Batik comes from the word “ambatik" which means "a cloth with little dots". Batik may also originate from the Javanese word "tritik" which describes a resist process for dying where the patterns are reserved on the textiles by tying and sewing areas prior to dying, similar to tie dye techniques.

Batik is a very old form of art, and no one can really be sure of its true origin. The samples of dye resistance patterns of Batik can be traced back 1,500 years ago to many countries. Although in those many countries people were using the technique of dye resisting decoration, within the textile realm, none have developed batik to its present day art form as the highly developed intricate batik found on the island of Java in Indonesia.

The art of batik in Indonesia extended across the nation along with the influences from different religion, norm, way of life, culture, and many more, the patterns and the colors change gradually as it spread to another region. But many experts believe that Central Java is the place where the development of Batik in Indonesia first begun, and later it spread to Bali.

 


Batik Process

1.The Batik process starts with a pencil sketch made on a white cloth. Some people prefer to draw the design on a paper and then copy the pattern into a white cloth.
2.The brown dots and lines are the parts, which have been covered with wax in order to resist dye by using a canting.
Canting is a pen-like instrum ent made from wood to apply wax to the cloth. The wax is commonly known as malam.
3.The cloth is dyed with yellow or other bright colors. 4.The second dye will be applied. Once again wax is applied to the parts that are supposed to resist the second dye.
5.Red is used as the second dye. The parts that have been covered with wax remain yellow. 6.The background is covered with wax to keep the red color.
7.The third dye is black. 8.The final step is soaking the cloth into boiling water with a little soda ash to remove al
wax (malam). Then the cloth is washed with clean water.

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